Monday, April 11, 2016

Use specifications and the "Charter of Turin"

I was researching use specifications for museum motor vehicles and of course came across the charter of Turin. The “riga” for automobiles!

It’s on the 2016 The Fede ration Internationale des Ve hicules Anciens web but almost impossible to find due to the wondrous “flash” interface!

A copy is posted below as text.

I hope this more accessible text is of use to museum professionals.


Fédération  Internationale  des  Véhicules  Anciens The  Turin  Charter Ratified  by  the  General  Assembly  of  FIVA Munich,  October  27th,  2012 


The  Fédération  Internationale  des  Véhicules  Anciens  (FIVA)  is  the  world federation  of  historic  vehicle  clubs.  It  supports  and  encourages  the  preservation and  responsible  use  of  historic  vehicles  as  an  important  part  of  our  technical  and cultural  heritage.  Historic  vehicles  are  significant  in  their  role  as  means  of transport,  as  witnesses  to  their  historic  origins,  the  technical  state  of  the  art  of their  period  and  last  but  not  least  for  their  impact  on  society.

The  scope  of  this  Charter  includes  mechanically  propelled  road  and  non---rail land  vehicles.  A  vehicle  is  considered  to  be  historic  once  it  complies  with  the Charter  and  the  applicable  FIVA  definitions.  The  Charter  may  include  buildings and  related  artieacts  to  historic  vehicles  and  their  period  of  operation,  such  as factories,  fuel  stations,  roads  or  racetracks. For  many  years  the  owners  of  historic  vehicles,  the  curators  of  historic  vehicle collections  and  the  restorers  of  historic  vehicles  have  been  very  successful  at salvaging,  preserving  and  keeping  historic  vehicles  in  operation. 

This  Charter was  approved  by  FIVA  to  provide  guidance  for  decisions  and  treatments  in relation  to  historic  vehicles. 

The  Turin  Charter  unites  the  guiding  principles  for the  use,  upkeep,  conservation,  restoration  and  repair  of  historic  vehicles. This  Charter  is  based  on  and  inspired  by  UNESCO's  Venice  Charter  (1964),  the Barcelona  Charter  (2003,  historic  ships)  and  the  Riga  Charter  (2005,  historic  rail vehicles). 


Article  1. 


The  aim  of  this  Charter  is  to  preserve  and  safeguard  the  history  of  vehicles including  their  engineering,  form,  functions  and  documented  histories  and  their many  and  diverse  relationships  with  society  and  social  environments. To  understand,  appreciate  and  ensure  the  preservation  and  operation  of  historic vehicles,  including  their  use  on  public  roads,  it  is  important  to  use  the  research methods,  scientific,  historical  and  technical  knowledge  available  and  involve  the organisations  and  facilities  working  in  this  sector. 

Article  2. 

Future Preservation,  restoration  and  any  related  work  processes  are  aimed  at sustaining  historic  vehicles  as  both  technical  artefacts  and  witnesses  of  transport history  and  culture.  It  is imperative  to  pass  on  the  methods  used,  material knowledge  and  work  processes  to  future  generations.  We  also  aim  to  preserve the  special  knowledge,  expertise  and  skills  related  to  the  manufacture  and operation  of  such  vehicles. 

Article  3. 

Care Permanent  and  sustainable  care  is  essential  for  the  survival  of  historic  vehicles. Responsible  use  of  historic  vehicles,  including  on  public  roads,  is  important  for their  preservation.  It  is  the  only  way  to  fully  understand  and  pass  on  the traditional  knowledge  of  driving  and  maintaining  them  for  future  generations. 

Article  4. 

Position It  is  beneficial  for  the  preservation  of  historic  vehicles  that  they  are  seen  as  an integral  part  of  public  life  and  perceived  as  a  contribution  to  our  cultural heritage. It  is  important  and  desirable  that  they  can  be  used.  However,  in  order  to  use them,  historic  vehicles  should  not  be  modified  more  than  necessary.  Unavoidable modifications  should  not  interfere  with  the  historic  substance.  As  a  matter  of principle,  they  should  not  alter  the  vehicle's  period  engineering  and  appearance. 

Article  5. 

Processes The  preservation  of  historic  vehicles  can  require  interventions  or  restorations  to different  extents.  Preservation  means  the  care  and  prevention  from deterioration  or  damage,  by  which  the  present  condition,  individual  and memorial  quality  of  a  historic  vehicle  or  object  is  safeguarded. Conservation  includes  all  acts  serving  to  secure  and  stabilise  the  vehicle  or  object that  do  not  alter  the  historic  substance,  parts  and  materials.  Conservation treatment  will  not  put  at  risk  the  object's  historical  or  material  documentary value  in  any  way.  It  serves  exclusively  to  prevent  or  at  least  delay  continued deterioration.  Usually,  such  measures  are  not  visible  on  the  surface. Restoration  is  the  process  of  replacing  missing  parts  or  areas  with  the  aim  of displaying  an  earlier  state  of  the  vehicle  and  goes  further  than  conservation. Restored  areas  should  discreetly  blend  in  with  the  existing  historic  stock,  but remain  distinguishable  on  closer  inspection. This  is  different  from  repair,  that  stands  for  the  adaptation,  refurbishment  or replacement  of  existing  or  missing  components.  Repair  makes  a  vehicle  fully operational  again  and  may  not  take  into  account  the  authentic  substance belonging  to  the  vehicle. Preservation,  conservation,  and  restoration  are  specialised  processes  aimed  at safeguarding  and  displaying  a  vehicle's  engineering,  aesthetic,  functional,  social and  historic  value.  They  should  aim  at  understanding  and  considering  the original  design and  the  historic  background  of  the  individual  vehicle.  They  should  be  based  on respect  for  the  individual  historic  entity  and  information  found  in  authentic documents. 

Article  6. 

History Any  changes  and  modifications  to  a  vehicle  which  occurred  during  its  ordinary life  span  and  altering  its  condition  as  originally  delivered  are  testimonials  of  the vehicle's  history  and  should  be  preserved  as  such.  Therefore  it  is  not  necessary to  restore  a  historic  vehicle  in  a  way  that  adjusts  its  look  and  technical  features back  to  the  appearance  of  the  manufacturing  date.  A  restoration  that  would return  a  vehicle  to  the  appearance  of  a  certain  period  should  only  be  attempted with  careful  examination  of  historical  records  or  thorough  planning. Components  and  materials  inserted  to  replace  historic  parts  in  the  process  of  a restoration  should  be  identified  with  simple  and  permanent  markings  to distinguish  them  from  the  historic  substance.  For  replaced  parts,  FIVA recommends  the  marking  system  attached  to  this  charter  (see Appendix) 

Article  7. 

Accuracy During  the  restoration  of  historic  vehicles  historically  accurate  materials  and work  techniques  are  preferred,  unless  such  materials  or  techniques  can  no longer  be  used  because  of  safety  concerns,  lack  of  availability  or  legal prohibitions.  Especially  in  the  conservation  of  historic  substance,  traditional materials  may  not  be  adequate.  As  elsewhere  in  the  field  of  restoration,  modern materials  and  working  techniques  may  then  be  used  instead,  provided  they  have been  proven  adequate  and  durable  in  experiments  or  tried  in  practice. Article  8. Appearance Any  modifications  to  a  historic  vehicle  required  outside  of  its  ordinary  lifespan should  be  integrated  discreetly  and  respect  the  original  structure  and appearance.  Such  modifications  should be  reversible.  It  is  recommended  that  any important  original  parts  removed  should  be  kept  with  the  vehicle  for  later  use and  to  serve  as  reference  of  their  original  existence  and  make. 

Article  9. 

Planning Any  work  undertaken  on  a  historic  vehicle  should  be  planned  systematically  and documented  in  an  appropriate  manner.  These  records  should  be  maintained with  the  vehicle. Article  10. 

Archives Any  persons,  facilities  and  organisations  involved  in  the  preservation, conservation,  restoration,  repair  and  operation  of  historic  vehicles  should  take appropriate  steps  to  protect  their  records  and  archives. 

Article  11. 

Status Institutions  engaged  in  the  preservation  and  transfer  of  knowledge  or  specialist skills  required  in  the  preservation  and  operation  of  historic  vehicles  should  seek recognition  by  international  and  national  governmental  authorities  as  cultural heritage  and  institutions Archives  consisting  of  documents,  drawings,  photographs  or  other  media  and artefacts  relating  to  historic  vehicles  should  be  cared  for  as  part  of  the  cultural heritage.

Turin  Charter  Working  Group  /  

FIVA  Cultural  Commission:  Thomas  Kohler, Gundula  Tutt,  Rainer  Hindrischedt,  Mario  De  Rosa,  Alfieri  Maserati,  Stefan Musfeld  and Mark  Gessler 


Recommended Marking  System The  system  uses  the  following letters  for  permanent  marking: 

NB  ="newly  built"  an  accurate  as possible  a  copy  in  terms  of  form,  materials  and make,  reproduced  directly  from  a  documented  original) 

FR  ="free  reconstruction"  (reconstruction  without  using  any  historic  model  in terms  of  form,  material  or  work  technique.  The  part  however  fulfils  the  technical function  of  an  historic  component  utilised  earlier) 

CS  ="conservational  stabilisation"  (a  later  structural  reinforcement  added  to stabilize  the  historic  substance). We  recommend  the  indication  of  the  year  of  restoration  /manufacture  of  the replacement  part  with  the  two---letter  code.

2016 The Fede ration Internationale des Ve hicules Anciens

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Conservation of Oxide coated Metals by David Hallam is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Thursday, April 07, 2016

Conservation Management Plans significance and Riga Charter

Its interesting working with LTO’s (Large Technological Objects) that don’t quite fit into the “site” category because they are too small and move but are way too big to fit the “normal” criteria.

Each has developed there own derivations of The  Burra Charter

As this project _as yet unnamed as I have yet to get permission to name it. We will see how this affects the development of a revised significance statement and CMP (Conservation Management Plan).

Below Riga stripped from pdf and edited in Markdown. Sort of fun.



Riga Charter

European Federation of Museum & Tourist Railways Fédération Européenne des Chemins de Fer Touristiques et Historiques Europäische Föderation der Museums- und Touristikbahnen THE RIGA CHARTER Adopted by unanimous vote of FEDECRAIL members at their Annual Meeting held at Anse near Lyon on 16th April 2005 having been first proposed in Riga, capital of Latvia. The Riga Charter v10en.doc, Okt.05 1/4 European Federation of Museum & Tourist Railways Fédération Européenne des Chemins de Fer Touristiques et Historiques Europäische Föderation der Museums- und Touristikbahnen




The Riga Charter is a statement of principles which guide the conservation, restoration, maintenance and repair and use of historic railway equipment, which is being operated. It is hoped that this will help our members make wise decisions.


  • Heritage Railways referred to in this Charter, may also include historic or preserved railways,museum railways and tramways, working railway and tram museums and tourist railways, and may extend to heritage trains operating on the national network and other railways.

  • Railway Equipment referred to in this Charter may include buildings or infrastructure which form part of the railway ensemble.

  • Preservation is the process of keeping an object safe from harm and decomposition, by maintaining it properly so that its condition, quality and memory is retained.

  • Conservation is the process of stabilising the condition of an object without compromising the historical or material evidence in any way.

  • Restoration is the process of repairing or replacing missing parts in an attempt to regain an earlier state of the object. The restoration may increase the strength of the object before work started, and may generally go further than conservation. It should neither be invisible or glaringly obvious.

  • Repair is the process of adjustment or replacement of the components. The specified standard of mechanical condition is achieved irrespective of the historic integrity of parts that may be altered or discarded.

Article 1

Scientific and technical skills, together with the facilities needed to preserve and operate historic railway equipment, within a culture of safety, should be used to safeguard railway heritage.

Article 2

The aim of preserving and restoring historic railway items and associated working practices is to safeguard them, whether they are significant technological artefacts, evidence for transport history or a means of perpetuating traditional skills.

Article 3

Maintenance of all aspects of their equipment, and operation on a regular basis is essential for the survival of heritage railways. Operating historic and valuable railway equipment with traditional operating procedures, and presenting it to the public, is an important means of interpreting that material.

Article 4

Identifying socially useful purposes for historic railway items will help facilitate their preservation, but such use should involve the minimum change necessary, and such changes should be fully reversible.

Article 5

A heritage railway should reflect not only the importance of its own role as a transport system, but also when appropriate, its own historic origins and its impact on the community.

Article 6

The process of restoration is a highly specialised operation. Its aim is to preserve and reveal the aesthetic, functional and historic value of traditional railway equipment. It should be based on respect and an understanding wherever possible of the original designs and specifications.

Article 7

The original or historically correct materials and techniques should be used in the conservation of historic railway items, unless they can no longer be adopted for reasons of safety, legislation or availability. In such cases appropriate contemporary substitutes for such materials or techniques should be used.

Article 8

The restoration of a piece of historic railway equipment does not require that it must be restored to its original as built state. Some equipment acquires its historic importance later on in its working life. Restoration to any period should be executed only after thorough consideration of historic records, and available documentation covering the chosen period, after which a restoration plan should be written and adopted. Material that is replaced with new should be readily identified as such with a simple permanent marking system.

Article 9

Added mandatory safety equipment should if possible blend harmoniously with the conserved or restored item but the fact that it is an addition or alteration to the original make-up of the item should be clearly indicated.

Article 10

Any other necessary later modifications to the item that are introduced for whatever reason should be as sympathetic as possible to the make-up and appearance of the original item. Ideally any such modification should be reversible and any significant original parts removed should be retained for possible future re-use.

Article 11

Every stage in the conservation or restoration work on a historic railway item should be systematically planned and recorded. The resultant record of these processes retained for a minimum of the life of the item.

Article 12

All bodies involved in the repair, restoration, maintenance, conservation and operation of heritage railways and railway equipment, must make proper arrangements for the conservation of their records and archives.

The Riga Charter v10en.doc, Okt.05 2/4 European Federation of Museum & Tourist Railways Fédération Européenne des Chemins de Fer Touristiques et Historiques Europäische Föderation der Museums- und Touristikbahnen

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Conservation of Oxide coated Metals by David Hallam is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

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